Information about Buenos Aires
The city of Buenos Aires is the main educational center of the country and an important center of artistic and intellectual activity. Among its renowned institutions are the University of Buenos Aires, being among the best and most prestigious universities in Latin America. According to the World Cities Culture Forum, the city is the worlds most bookstores per capita. Buenos Aires is also among the cities with the highest concentration of theaters worldwide. Among them, the Teatro Coln is by its acoustic impeccable track record and dimensions, one of the five most important opera theaters in the world.
The Subway in Buenos Aires is the first subway system in Latin America and the entire Southern Hemisphere.
Buenos Aires was founded in 1580 by Juan de Garay. In 1536 there was a first settlement, a fort, which was not city since the Laws of the Indies, made by Pedro de Mendoza, abandoned in 1541 due to the constant siege of the natives, he belonged to the Viceroyalty of Peru of the Spanish Empire were not met.
In 1776 it was designated capital of the newly created Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata by the King of Spain. During the first of the British invasion, which occurred in 1806, the city was occupied by British armed forces and stayed for 45 days under the flag of the United Kingdom.
In 1810, the residents of the city made the May Revolution, which ousted the viceroy, established a board of self-government and began the war for independence of Argentina. During the government of Bartolome Mitre Commitment Act, by which was the seat of the national government and, in turn, the provincial government was made. Finally, in 1880, during the government of Nicolas Avellaneda, he was federalized. Greater Buenos Aires was one of the main destinations of the immigration process that had the Argentina since the late nineteenth century. In 1913 the Buenos Aires subway, subway first opened Latin America. After the Reformation of the Argentina Constitution of 1994 the city could have its own constitution and self-government of direct election.