Mendoza is a city in western Argentina capital with a population of 114,822 inhabitants. It is one of the major cities, with the Greater Mendoza the fourth largest agglomeration after Buenos Aires, Cordoba and Rosario, with 1,086,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of the Province of Mendoza and is located on the plains east of the vast Cordillera de los Andes. Its area is 105 km² while its metropolitan area extends 368 km².
This is one of the most important cities in the Southern Cone. It is a major industrial center, a key strategic point in the relations of MERCOSUR. It also has a good quality of life as the big cities of Argentina and a modern motorway network.
It is a cosmopolitan city due to the large number of mainly German and English immigrants who arrived in Argentina in the early twentieth century, and today by immigrants from countries in the region such as Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay and Peru. They have a varied cultural offer and a major nightlife, other major cities. It has a very strong European influence, the rest of Argentina, which is evident in the architectural styles, too broad avenues. It is a major tourist destination and a university center.
As in big cities, the population trend is neutral, as there are few places available. Instead, its population increases in its metropolitan area at a rate of 2 per year, higher than Córdoba and Rosario population growth, so that in the future Mendoza could become the second largest city in Argentina. This situation is the sum of many affluent families choose to live in closed or gated communities outside the city center, which agglomerate population increase is recorded in the remaining districts of Mendoza.