Population of BRASIL
The Federative Republic of Brazil is inhabited by 193 017 646 inhabitants at June 3, 2010, according to IBGE estimates With a population density is 22.5 people per square kilometer, the Brazil represents one of the largest populations in the world.
In recent years, it has reduced the growth of the countrys population, which was very high until the decade of 1960. In 2000 there were 171 279 882 hab. by 118,562,549 hab. 1980. The reasons for the decline in population growth are related to urbanization and industrialization and incentives to reduce the birth rate (the dissemination of contraceptives), plus the increase in life expectancy.
The economy of Brazil is the largest economy in Latin America in terms of GDP and the second in the Americas, the seventh in the world by the IMF, The World Factbook of the CIA, and the World Bank. With a GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in value of purchasing power parity (PPP) of $ 2,139,237 million in 2008. According to IMF estimates, the South Bank and the World Bank, Brazils economy in the coming decades must be among the five major world powers, along with China, US, India and Mexico.17 Whereas estimated for the year 2008 (190 million) population, per capita income would amount to $ 12,007 US dollars.
Brazilian exports amounted to 200.336 million dollars.
Brazils economy has become one of the largest in the world, since 2003, led by an increase in volume and price in the international demand for commodities, mainly minerals, oil, coal, and meat was accompanied by the entry of new capital and a set of structural reforms. He thus managed to reach greater macroeconomic stability and a reduction in poverty levels, with an expansion of welfare programs for the poor.
Brazil faced the economic crisis that began in 2008 with a greater margin for maneuver than in the past. The fall in GDP in 2009 was only 0.3% in 2010 and rose sharply to reach 7.5%.
However, since 2011, an exhaustion of the growth experienced so far and the existence of some structural constraints to growth, they just do not take off, although it has significant natural resources, a relatively young population and political stability are warned and economic.
Its economy is relatively closed, it is about US $ 349,000 million in international reserves. In 2009: The volume of retail sales in Brazil registered a seasonally adjusted increase of 1.5 in February and so prolonged the slight rise in January, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) reported. Retail sales rose 3.8% in February
Location of BRASIL
Brazil is the largest country in Latin America and the worlds fifth largest. Its boundaries are: to the south, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay; east, the Atlantic Ocean; north, Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana; and to the west, Bolivia and Peru.
The relief of Brazil is solved in three topographic units: the Amazon River basin, which occupies the northern third of the country, the Brazilian massif, which occupies almost the remaining thirds and that serves as limit by the south and the Guyana Shield, the limits in the northern part and only part is Brazilian. The altitude of the Brazilian territory is moderately large. No major mountain, ridges or similar chains.
History of BRASIL
Before the arrival of the Portuguese Brazil today was inhabited by about three million Indians who formed various tribal groups. Or did not constitute a cohesive set defined, much less centralized, as in other regions of Latin America, moving periodically in search of richer lands, why not let important archaeological relics.
Brazilian Indians lived in small groups scattered throughout the jungle and its main activities were hunting, fishing and gathering fruit.
Music, dance, the few belongings, due to their nomadism, and the world view of life from a standpoint of enjoyment as well as a social structure in balance with the ecosystem, are traits that characterized the former Brazilian Indians .
The Colony and Independence
Brazil was discovered by Pedro Alvarez Cabral, who had left Lisbon with thirteen ships and 1,200 men seeking a trade route to the Indies, landing on April 22, 1500 in the current Porto Seguro.
Tupiguaraní received by Indians, Alvarez named the place "Land of Vera Cruz." It remained only nine days starting with his men and some trunks "pau-brasil" (brazilwood), wood producing a red dye. This would be the only exportable product in the sixteenth century, as the following Portuguese expeditions would be disappointed by the findings in those lands.
Brazil was a Portuguese viceroy to 1822 when independence was proclaimed.
The first European settlement took place in the current Puerto do Santos in Sao Paulo in 1531, by order of King Joao III of Portugal, who subsequently divided the coast into 12 captaincies.
The first governor of Brazil was Tomé de Sousa, in 1549, who centralized authority, doing endure the captaincy.
During the colonial period, Brazil was ruled under the influence of various economic cycles, according to export products. The first was based on marketing "pau-brasil", a wood widely used for the production of inks and paints.
In the seventeenth century the country became the largest producer of sugar, and this period when there was the large importation of slaves from Africa to work on plantations. Later, sugarcane would be replaced by the exploitation of gold and diamonds.
The abolition of slavery in Brazil would take place until the late nineteenth century, after numerous uprisings, most notably that of Cabanagem, in Para state.
In 1807 Napoleon invaded Portugal, so King Joao VI moved his court to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from where he would continue to reign. The ports open to international trade and the colony is consolidating gradually.
Later, the fall of Napoleon forces the King Joao VI to return to Portugal to appease the revolutionary convulsions, naming his son as Emperor Pedro I of Brazil. This soon achieve independence, a constitution giving the newborn country.
However, different treatment in favor of the Portuguese would force him to abdicate in favor of his son Pedro II in 1831.
The latter would rule until 1889 when he was deposed by Republicans. During this time Pedro II fueled a parliamentary system, he went to war with Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay interfered in affairs, encouraged mass immigration, abolished slavery and forged a nation that got rid of the monarchy forever.
Republicans in 1889, taking advantage of confusion in the country caused by the outbreak of an epidemic of yellow fever, prepare the conspiracy against Pedro II, who was in Petropolis safe from the disease, giving an accurate military coup and overthrowing the emperor.