Lima is the capital of the Republic of Peru city. It is located in the central coast, on the Pacific Ocean, forming an extensive and populous urban area known as Lima, flanked by the coastal and desert extended over the valleys of the Chillon, Rimac and Lurin. According to the 2007 census Peru, Lima had over 7.6 million inhabitants. while its urban agglomeration had over 8.5 million inhabitants, 30 of the Peruvian population, figures that make it the most populous city.
The January 18, 1535, the Spanish foundation was made with the name of the City of Kings in the agricultural region known by the natives as limaq, name it acquired over time. It was the capital of the Viceroyalty of Peru and the largest and most important city in South America during the Spanish regime. After independence it became the capital of the Republic.
Today he is regarded as the political, cultural, financial and commercial center of the country. Internationally, the city ranks fifth among the most populated cities in Latin America and is one of the thirty most populous urban agglomerations in the world.
Jurisdictionally, the metropolis spreads mainly within the province of Lima and a smaller portion to the west, within the constitutional province of Callao, where the seaport and Jorge Chavez International Airport is located. Both provinces have regional autonomy since 2002.