Bariloche Argentina is the most populous city in the Patagonian Andes. It is located in the Nahuel Huapi National Park, southwest of the province of Black River, near the Andes, on the southern shore of Lake Nahuel Huapi, 832 km from Viedma.
Nature reserves, including lakes, forests and mountains, and its outstanding ski resorts are the main attraction and economic livelihood of this city. The city has been considered by some sources as the second ski destination worldwide
The term is derived from Bariloche mapudungún where VURI word meaning "behind" lof is "hamlet" and che is "people", 3 which according to the traditional interpretation would be "people who live on the opposite side of the ridge ".4 This name gave the Mapuche living in the western side of the Andes, in what is now Chile, a bias of the original inhabitants who lived on the eastern side of the Andean chain were also Mapuche. The latter is inferred by the Mapuche name of one of their chiefs: Manquehunai (Friend Condor).