Population of COLOMBIA
Colombia ended 2014 with a population of 48,929,706 people, an increase of 608,301 people compared to 2013,
In 2013, the female population was majority, with 24,562,767 women, representing 50.83% of the total, compared with 23,758,638 men being 49.17%.
Colombia has a moderate population density of 43 inhabitants per km2.
Colombias economy is based largely on the production of commodities without added value, thus presenting low levels of scientific and technological development, characterized by a lack of government investment.
It stands in the international arena for the important growth experienced in the last decade in exporting goods and the attractiveness to foreign investment. It is the fourth largest economy in Latin America after Brazil, Mexico and Argentina. In the international classification, it is within the 31 largest in the world.
The Colombian economy is based primarily on the production of primary goods for export (14.9%), and production of consumer goods for the domestic market (8.4%). One of the most traditional economic activity is the cultivation of coffee, the third largest producer; it has been a central part of the economy of Colombia since the early twentieth century and has earned international recognition for the quality of the grain. However, its importance and its production decreased significantly in recent years: in 2011, there were 7.8 million bags, representing a fall of 12% compared to 2010.
Location of COLOMBIA
The continental territory of the Republic of Colombia is located in the northwestern corner of South America, on the equator, surrounded torrid zone. Although most of its length, are in the Northern Hemisphere, Colombia is equidistant from the two ends of the Americas.
To the north, Colombia reaches 12 ° 2646 north at the place called Punta Gallinas in the Guajira peninsula, which in turn constitutes the northern tip of South America.
To the south, the territory reaches 4 ° 1230 south latitude, on the site where San Antonio creek flows into the Amazon river.
The eastern end is located at 60 ° 5054 west longitude of Greenwich, on the island of San José in the Black River (in Colombia called Guainia), opposite the stone Cocuy common border between the republics of Colombia, Brazil and Venezuela.
History of COLOMBIA
It was around the Magdalena river where the first traces of human presence in Colombia found. Relics of an almost unknown civilization, dating from the last five centuries BC, were discovered in St. Augustine, near the source of the river in the Colombian Andes: stone statues, bas-reliefs, burial chambers and shrines, in a style reminiscent Aztec times.
Centuries later, before the arrival of the Spaniards, the high plateaus of the east, near the Magdalena river were inhabited by a Native American tribe, the Chibcha. Buenos farmers were also excellent goldsmiths and found quantities of small objects (necklaces, figurines) in gold or tumbaga (an alloy of gold and copper), dating from 1000-1500 BC
In 1502, on his first voyage to the New World, Christopher Columbus explored a part of the empire of the Chibcha, in the northern coast of modern Colombia. Following in his footsteps, the Spanish conquistadors settled in Darien in 1510, its first colony on the American continent. Attracted by this new "Eldorado", the settlers progressed rapidly. On the coast, first founded Cartagena, later, Santa Marta. Inland, below; Santa Fe de Bogota - Bogota would later - was conquered by Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada in 1538.
The region was, from 1544, made the Viceroyalty of Peru, before, in 1740, the center of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. The economy of the colony then rested largely on slavery: the Indians followed the black slaves. He also served as natural resources of the territory (emeralds and other precious stones) and the presence of the isthmus, which ensured the splendor of port cities.
However, the Spaniards, who hoarded wealth, ran into the growing hostility of the natives. The revolt of the Communards of Socorro, in 1781, was the first manifestation of the Creole identity and the prelude to the independence movement. The insurgents then marched to the capital, to protest new taxes of Spanish and claim their share of national wealth. Since then, the people of New Granada became part of the movement for independence that arose throughout the Spanish Empire.