Population of VIETNAM
Vietnam ended the year 2014 with a population of 90,730,000 inhabitants, an increase of 1.0211 million people to 2013.
In 2013, the female population was majority, with 45,378,047 women, which accounts for 50.58% of the total, compared with 44,330,853 men are 49.42%.
Vietnam is in the 164th place in the table of density, therefore, it has a high population density of 274 inhabitants per km2.
Vietnam is still a poor country, with a GDP PPP USD 227,200 million (est. 2004). This means about US $ 2,700 per capita.
The impressive growth is mainly due to a very low starting point and a high rate of inflation. The purchasing power of the public has increased dramatically. The reason is the high property prices. In Hanoi, the capital, property prices can be as high as in Tokyo or New York. This has astonished many people, because the per capita GDP is about US $ 1000 a year. Prices have also increased thanks in part to corruption and bribery on the part of many government officials.
Location of VIETNAM
It covers an area of about 331,688 sq km (slightly smaller than Germany). The survey system consists of hills and mountains densely wooded, covering 20% of the territory. 40% of the territory is mountainous and forests cover 75%. Mountain Fan Si Pan is the highest in Vietnam (3143 m). The country has two main plains: The Red River Delta (Song Hong, north) of 15 000 km² and the Cuu Long River Delta (song Cuu Long - Mekong in the south) of 40 000 km². The climate is tropical monsoon; The humidity is 84% on average during the year. Annual rainfall varies between 1200 and 3000 mm, and temperatures ranging between 5 ° C and 37 ° C.
Vietnam is located in the east of Indochina and Southeast Asia, in a totally tropical zone. East and south Vietnam are the East China Sea and the Pacific (over 3000 km of coastline); It bordered by China to the north and Laos and Cambodia to the west. The country is shaped like the letter S, width in the north (600 km) and south (400 km) and very close to the center (50 km - Quang Binh province). The distance between two extreme points north and south is 1650 km. Territorial boundaries: Total: 4639 km. Neighboring countries: Cambodia (1228 km), China (1281 km), Laos (2130 km).
History of VIETNAM
Most of its history was ruled by various dynasties of the Chinese Empire and theirs. Vietnam gained independence in the early tenth century and its total autonomy a century later. The period of government of native dynasties ended in the mid-nineteenth century when the country was colonized by France. During World War II, Japan occupied Vietnam; but French authority respected as the collaborationist Vichy government with its ally, Nazi Germany. It was towards the end of this conflict when the Japanese tried to exterminate the French power on suspicion of supporting a possible Allied invasion. In this situation Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
After the war, France attempted to reestablish its control; but he failed and Indochina War broke out that ultimately lost. The Geneva Conference of 1954 divided the country into two: North Vietnam and South Vietnam. During the Cold War, the North was supported by the Peoples Republic of China and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, while the South won the support of the United States. Quickly tensions led to the Vietnam War ended with the withdrawal of US troops in March 1973 and the fall of Saigon in April 1975. In 1976, Vietnam was unified under the government of North Vietnam and took the name Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
In 1978 Vietnam invaded Democratic Kampuchea of Pol Pot and precipitated the fall of his regime. About 100,000 soldiers remained throughout the eighties. In the late nineties began negotiations to establish diplomatic relations with the United States and Vietnam early twenty-first century began receiving US aid to what is considered exceeded the Trauma Vietnam.