The town of San Francisco de Chiu Chiu, better known only as Chiu Chiu, is a town located 30km away. east of the city of Calama at 2,525 meters above sea level. It is in an oasis that in pre-Hispanic times had a large concentration of Atacameño population and was part of the Inca Trail. It was conquered and evangelized by Spaniards, who founded the current town near where the Indians were, and called it Atacama La Chica.
This town houses a National Monument: the Church of San Francisco, the oldest preserved in Chile, built in 1611. Its structure is made of adobe, and the roof is made of cactus wood. Inside this church, several objects stand out, among these are: a picture of the Passion of Christ painted on both sides, and a cross with folding arms to carry it. It has a patronal festival that takes place on October 4 annually.
It also highlights its cuisine, based on the products of the area (corn, wheat, Swiss chard, carrots, etc). The typical dishes are the patasca (a stew based on corn, potatoes, vegetables and meat), roasted llama meat and river trout. One of the most typical and authentic places to eat is the restaurant Inka Colla.