Information about Sidney
Sydney is the largest and most populous city in Australia and Oceania, with a population in its metropolitan area close to 5,000,000 million.
Sydney is located in southeastern Australia, on the shores of the wide Jackson Bay. The city was built around the port of Jackson, which comprises the port of Sydney. In the city highlights the Sydney Opera House, the Sydney Harbor Bridge and its beaches.
According to a Mercer study on the cost of living, in 2017 the city was ranked as the second most expensive city in the world in housing prices after Hong Kong
In 1788, when the first fleet of convicts brought from the United Kingdom arrived, it is estimated that less than 8,000 aborigines inhabited the regions surrounding the present city. Arthur Phillip founded the prison colony in Port Jackson, better known as Sydney Bay.
In April 1789, an apparent outbreak of smallpox ended the lives of most Aboriginal people. In addition to smallpox, a series of violent clashes between settlers and the original population ended with more Aboriginal people, leaving few hundreds of them by 1820. The then governor of Australia, Lachlan Macquarie, decided to civilize, Christianize and educate them, and separated them of his clans.
The Macquarie era was of great development, and the convicts built roads, bridges and public buildings.
The arrival of immigrants from the British Isles between 1830 and 1850 motivated the appearance of houses on the outskirts, and the city expanded rapidly.
On July 20, 1852, Sydney was declared a city, the first in Australia, with Charles H. Chambers being the first mayor. The Gold Rush of 1851 attracted many more immigrants to Australia, with Sydney being the first point of arrival for most.