Sydney Opera House. Sidney - AUSTRALIA
Direccion: Bennelong Point, Sydney NSW 2000, Australia
The Sydney Opera House is one of the most famous and distinctive buildings of the twentieth century. Declared a World Heritage Site in 2007, it was designed by Danish architect J?rn Utzon in 1957 and opened on October 20, 1973
In the late 1940s, the director of the Sydney Music Conservatory said the city needs a building for large productions.
In 1954, Eugene Goossens obtained the support of the Australian Prime Minister for its construction. The place chosen was the Bennelong Point peninsula, over Sydney Bay.
On September 13, 1955, a contest was initiated to which 222 projects from 28 countries were submitted. The winner was J?rn Utzon, a 38-year-old architect from Denmark.
Its initial budget was 7 million dollars, below the estimated costs of the winners of the second and third prize (10.8 million and 15.6 million dollars). J?rn Utzon did not present a finished project, but some designs and diagrams. The project was much more complex than estimated, at times (years) they even doubted that it could be built, as it took architects and engineers to the limits of the technology of those years.
The conflicts generated by delays and cost overruns ended the architect's resignation. On October 20, 1973, almost 17 years after the Utzon project was chosen, the Sydney Opera House was inaugurated, costing more than $ 102 million.