Ushuaia is the capital of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and the South Atlantic Islands, in Argentina.
The city is located on the shores of the Isla Grande of Tierra del Fuego that overlook the bay of Ushuaia in the Beagle Channel, and is surrounded by the Martial mountain range. Besides being an administrative center, it is an industrial, port and tourist hub.
The word Ushuaia comes from the Yagan language: ush (in the background) and waia (bay or caleta) and means deep bay or bay in the background.
Ushuaia is a young city. It is considered as the date of foundation on October 12, 1884 when an Argentine expedition installed a sub-prefecture and raised the flag for the first time in the bay facing the Beagle. However, the area was already populated by some 300 Anglican missionaries from the South American Missionary Society.
They built the first houses and took care of evangelizing the aborigines.
For the Argentines, Ushuaia became known when it was decided to build the prison there, at the beginning of the 20th century. The Ushuaia prison is part of the history of the city and prisoners can also be considered first settlers.