Population of CANADA
Canada ended 2018 with a population of 36,994,000 inhabitants, an increase of 505,000 people, 257,094 women and 261,494 men compared to the previous year, when the population was 36,489,000 people.
Canadas economy as a rich society with a high-tech industry, and with an economy with a GDP of over one billion dollars, Canada resembles the economic market system of the United States and its production and construction pattern.
The agricultural sector represents 1.6 of Canadas GDP and employs 1.9 of the population (World Bank, 2017). However, the agricultural system and the agri-food industry employ almost two million people and are estimated to contribute 8 of the national wealth. Canada is one of the worlds leading exporters of agricultural products, particularly wheat. It produces 10 of the genetically modified crops in the world. Fishing is another important sector. Canada is also one of the main producers of minerals, mainly nickel, zinc and uranium. The country also has large gas reserves and has the third largest oil reserve in the world (being the seventh largest oil producer), whose production is concentrated in the western provinces, especially Alberta.
The industrial sector contributes 28.2 of GDP and employs 19.4 of the workforce. Canada has six important sectors of primary industry: renewable energy (mainly wind, the country is a net energy exporter) forestry sector, hydrogen and fuel cells, mines, metals and minerals, fishing, oil and gas. According to Statistics Canada, the countrys manufacturing sector only accounted for 10.37 of GDP in 2017.
The service sector dominates the Canadian economy: in 2017 it represented 70.2 of the countrys GDP and employed more than 78.6 of the active population (the largest employer is the retail sector and the related services sector business). The education and health sectors are also essential for the countrys economy. The most dynamic sectors are telecommunications, tourism, internet and aerospace engineering.
History of CANADA
The Icelanders arrived on the shores of Canada around the ninth century, but John Cabot, a sailor in the service of England, was the first official explorer. Jacques Cartier began exploring the country by tracing the San Lorenzo River to present-day Montreal (1534-35).
In the 17th century the organization of the colony began: Quebec was founded in 1608 and Montreal was founded in 1642. The colony was granted to the New France Company, created for this purpose in 1627, until it was converted into a real domain (1663).