Guide of Aves de CHILE

Chincol

  • NAME (S) LOCAL (S):
    Chincol, pompadour

    DISTRIBUTION IN CHILE:
    from Atacama to Guaitecas Islands

    HABITAT:
    Fields, hills, orchards, gardens, squares. From the coast to 2,000 meters. above sea level.

    DESCRIPTION:
    Length: 14-15 cms.
    Male: Head gray with 3 black lines on either side leaving from the base of the beak to the neck. One at the height of the crown, another in the eyeline and the third in the line of the lower jaw. Crown feathers raised as a pompadour. Whitish throat. Great rufa spot around the neck except the dividing line between the throat and chest. Earthy tan chest. Whitish abdomen. Manto and brown back with black longitudinal lines. Brown tail. Legs and horn beak.

    Like the sparrow (Passer domesticus), though slightly smaller and less massive, this bird is distinguished mainly by the large red stain rufescente or neck. It is a typical Chilean race, not being in any other country.

    Very friendly and basically insectivorous, bird lives in all fields, orchards and gardens from Atacama to Guaitecas (northern region of Aisen) islands, where it builds its nest and happy with their characteristic though not very melodious singing as they consists of only four notes are repeated. While the field is still large, the city has had to cede land to sparrow, European bird brought for the first time in 1904, and spread with extraordinary rapidity, first across the central and present throughout Chile.

    The nest is placed on any shrub, small tree or shrub, 1 to 2 meters in height, although sometimes it does on the floor hidden in the grass. To tailor it uses soft grass or plant substance. The clutch usually consists of 3 eggs with pale green spots, paint or dark brown or purple rings coffee. Rarely are 4 or 5 eggs in the nest.