Arequipa is the third most populous city in Peru after Lima and Trujillo, 2014 reaching 1,259,800 inhabitants according to the projections. Arequipa is an important industrial and commercial center of Peru and thanks to its remarkable industrial activity is ranked as the second most industrialized city in the country.
Within its industrial activity highlights the manufactured products and textile production camel wool export quality; so the city maintains close commercial ties with Chile, Bolivia and Brazil; links with cities connected by the Southern Railway and the port of Matarani.
In the republican history of Peru city acquires greater role in the political field, with focus of popular, civic and democratic rebellions, and was also the birthplace of outstanding intellectual figures, political and religious country. In the Republican era is granted the title of "Heroic City of Arequipa free."
Its historic center is spread over an area of ??332 hectares and was declared by UNESCO as "Cultural Heritage", the historic and monumental heritage and its diverse scenic and cultural sites makes it a city receiving national tourism and international in its historic highlights the colonial and republican product mix European and native characteristics religious architecture, which constituted an own stylistic school called "Arequipa School" of crucial importance in the region and whose influence came to Potosi (Bolivia) .