Information about Lucca
Between Florence and Pisa is Lucca, an authentic medieval city that has been preserved like no other in Italy.
Lucca is an Italian city and municipality located in the Tuscany region, in the north-central part of the country. Located on the banks of the Serchio River, in a fertile plain near the Tyrrhenian Sea, it is the capital of the homonymous province and has about 88,000 inhabitants.
It is a city famous for being surrounded by a wall, built between the 16th and 17th centuries, which remains intact. Today "la mura" has been converted into a park, with three kilometers to cycle or take a beautiful walk. It is also an excellent place to contemplate a panorama of the city and its surroundings. It has six entrance gates: Puerta de Santa María, Puerta Elisa, Puerta de San Pedro, Puerta de Santa Ana, Puerta de San Donato and Puerta de San Jacobo.
Lucca developed during the Roman period, at the crossroads of three consular roads. Then the first structure of the city was established and the first walls were built, the remains of which remain in the bases of some of the city's buildings, such as Corso Garibaldi and the Church of Santa Maria da Rosa.
In the Middle Ages it was the capital of a flourishing marquisate, rival of Pisa and Florence, producing and trading fabrics, especially silk of oriental origin.
Numerous Romanesque churches with Pisan influences were built in the 13th century.
Except for short periods, it was an independent republic, reaching its maximum splendor in the Renaissance, with the creation of solid banks and the construction of splendid palaces and villas in its surroundings.