Luanda is the main city and capital of Angola; being also the main port of the country. It was founded by the Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais on January 25, 1575, with the name of San Pablo de Luanda, because it is located in a magnificent natural harbor.
The inhabitants of Luanda are, for the most part, members of the Ovimbundu and Bakongo ethnic groups. There is also an important minority of European origin, consisting mainly of Portuguese, and a growing Chinese community. The official and most spoken language is Portuguese, and several languages of the Bantu group are also spoken, mainly Kimbundu.