The oasis is located Matilla thousand meters above sea level, on the eastern margin of the Pampa del Tamarugal
, 120 km southeast of Iquique, and next to the Quebrada de Quisma. He settled in the early eighteenth century, reaching the place people from Sink, located 3 miles.
Matilla based its economy on the production of wine, which is testament to the winery that, thanks to the restoration in 1968 by the University of Chile, gives a full picture of the process of colonial vinifera. After harvesting of the grapes, they proceeded to their "steps", and pressing the resulting liquid. The pressing is done through the use of "beam" carob thick trunk that is activated by a winch, make a Movimas of scale. The product was kept in jars of clay that in order to maintain a uniform temperature, were partially buried. The unveiling of the first jars was done annually during the feast of San Antonio on June 13.
The complex housing facilities is square and is surrounded by adobe walls. The winery operated until 1937, when the last harvest.