Information about San Petersburgo
St. Petersburg is the second most populous city in Russia after the national capital Moscow with around 5,500,000 inhabitants.
It is located in the Leningrad Region, a name he shared with the city during the Soviet era
It was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 27, 1703, with the intention of turning it into the window of Russia to the western world, from then on it became the capital of the Russian Empire for more than two hundred years. When the Russian Revolution broke out, the city was the center of the rebellion. In March 1918 the capital was transferred to Moscow.
It was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 16 (27) 1703 with the purpose of relocating the capital located in Moscow, and in fact it was the capital of Russia from 1712 to 1918. For this reason and by its geographical location he gave the nickname of "The window to Europe". Peter had lived and studied in the Netherlands for some time, so he decided to baptize his new city with a name derived from the Dutchman Sint Pietersburg: Sankt Piterburj; but soon Sankt Petersburg was Germanized.
At the same mouth of the Neva River, the Swedes previously had a fortress called Nyenschantz (Nevanlinna in Finnish) and a suburb called Nyen. The entire geographical environment of the mouth of the Neva was occupied by marshes before the city was built.