Cape Town is the second most populous city in South Africa, after Johannesburg.
Located in Mesa Bay, it was originally developed as a supply station for ships of the Dutch East India Company, traveling to East Africa, India and Asia, more than two hundred years before the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869
The arrival of the Dutch navigator Jan van Riebeeck on April 6, 1652 meant the establishment of the first European settlement in sub-Saharan Africa. It quickly surpassed its original purpose as the first outpost in the Castle of Good Hope, becoming the economic and cultural center of the Cape Colony. Until the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the development of Johannesburg and Durban, Cape Town was the largest city in South Africa.