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You are in Home > Destinations > City Guide Valdivia > Attraction San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral
 


Other tourist and cultural attractions Valdivia

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The castle San Pedro de Alcantara is the main strength of the defensive complex the Spanish Crown built at the mouth of Valdivia River in the seventeenth century. The construction of this military complex responded to the need to confront the threat posed to the security of the Spanish Empire raids by pirates, and dispatches from foreign powers, Britain and France. The strategic nature of the place, halfway on route between Europe and American ports in the Pacific, made him a focal point of the South Pacific.

In 1635 it began implementing an ambitious project of fortification, which began mapping the area. In 1643 the project received a final boost, since that year an expedition landed on the coast Holland adjacent to the mouth of the Valdivia and occupied it temporarily. Thus in 1645 the Viceroy of Peru sent an army, equipped with a contingent of 900 men and large quantities of building materials, with two missions: to recreate the city of Valdivia, desolate after the Indian uprising of 1598, and building fortifications in place.

The main bulwark of the defense complex was Constantine Island, named after Mancera, in honor of the Viceroy, who held the title of Marquis of Mancera. The island is located in the middle of the bay where the river Valdivia, and she built the Castillo de San Pedro de Alcantara, according to plans designed by the senior engineer of the Navy, Don Constantino Vasconcelos. The castle, stone, was armed with fifteen pieces of artillery, and had a moat and two towers. Inside, among other facilities housed a church and two convents: one Augustinian, Franciscan and other.

During the eighteenth century, the Crown decided to reinforce this set of strengths, including Fort Mancera Island. The castle eventually had twenty guns and a large number of other pieces of artillery. Inside, it housed about eight and thirteen stone buildings of wood, including a hospital and a powder magazine, a sawmill, a foundry, a blacksmith and a petty where they built boats and carts. Castle Mancera Island was protected from the mainland by the forts of Corral and Niebla.  


 
 
 
Activities in Valdivia

    San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile RIVER CITY TOUR
    The bay has many interesting places such as beaches and Fog, Mancera Island and the Bay of Corral. In these places there are strong seventeenth-century Spanish, "Pura y Limpia Concepción de Monfort de Lemus", Palacio de San Pedro de Alcantara and the Castle of "San Sebastian de la Cruz. "



    San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile HISTORICAL CITY TOUR, FORT NIEBLA, MUSEUM
    Departure from the hotel to visit the Spanish Torreón del Barro, former eighteenth century fortress, built to defend the city of Indian siege continued, pirates and privateers. It runs Costanera Avenue, which runs alongside the River Street-River Street to the Fair, the most typical of the city.



    San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile PATHWAYS OF CHUCAO - TREKKING / CANOPY
    The Canopy Oncol has three legs, where the adventurous can test their level of adrenaline. The first phase covers 60 meters, the second 150 and third 200 meters, all accompanied with specialized guidance and strict security measures. It is suitable for all ages, you only need a little adventurous spirit and desire of sliding at full speed, immersed in one of the most beautiful forests of Chile.





    San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile Coastal Path larch - Valdivian Forest
    Output from Valdivia by Niebla way, crossing a river bound for Caleta Chaihuín Corral, 27 km southward to the Valdivian Coastal Reserve (60,000 ha. Valdivian forest surface of type coastal temperate rain).



    San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile ISLA TEJA CIRCUIT NAVEGATION
    Circuito alrededor de la isla, navegando por los ríos Valdivia, Cau Cau y Cruces.
    Hermosas vistas de la Isla Teja y sus riberas adornadas con junquillos, que protegen a las familias de cisnes de Cuello Negro y unos simpaticos mamiferos acuaticos, los Coipos.