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You are in Home > Destinations > City Guide Valdivia > Attraction San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral
 


Other tourist and cultural attractions Valdivia

, Chile

The castle San Pedro de Alcantara is the main strength of the defensive complex the Spanish Crown built at the mouth of Valdivia River in the seventeenth century. The construction of this military complex responded to the need to confront the threat posed to the security of the Spanish Empire raids by pirates, and dispatches from foreign powers, Britain and France. The strategic nature of the place, halfway on route between Europe and American ports in the Pacific, made him a focal point of the South Pacific.

In 1635 it began implementing an ambitious project of fortification, which began mapping the area. In 1643 the project received a final boost, since that year an expedition landed on the coast Holland adjacent to the mouth of the Valdivia and occupied it temporarily. Thus in 1645 the Viceroy of Peru sent an army, equipped with a contingent of 900 men and large quantities of building materials, with two missions: to recreate the city of Valdivia, desolate after the Indian uprising of 1598, and building fortifications in place.

The main bulwark of the defense complex was Constantine Island, named after Mancera, in honor of the Viceroy, who held the title of Marquis of Mancera. The island is located in the middle of the bay where the river Valdivia, and she built the Castillo de San Pedro de Alcantara, according to plans designed by the senior engineer of the Navy, Don Constantino Vasconcelos. The castle, stone, was armed with fifteen pieces of artillery, and had a moat and two towers. Inside, among other facilities housed a church and two convents: one Augustinian, Franciscan and other.

During the eighteenth century, the Crown decided to reinforce this set of strengths, including Fort Mancera Island. The castle eventually had twenty guns and a large number of other pieces of artillery. Inside, it housed about eight and thirteen stone buildings of wood, including a hospital and a powder magazine, a sawmill, a foundry, a blacksmith and a petty where they built boats and carts. Castle Mancera Island was protected from the mainland by the forts of Corral and Niebla.  


 
 
Activities in Valdivia
San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile   BIG CIRCUIT IN KAYAK
Salida desde Valdivia en vehiculo para iniciar la navegación desde el río Cayumapu y luego continuar navegando por el río Cruces. declarado santuario de la naturaleza, donde habitan gran cantidad de cisnes de cuello negro, Garzas, Patos, Etc. 

San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile   Coastal Path larch - Valdivian Forest
Output from Valdivia by Niebla way, crossing a river bound for Caleta Chaihuín Corral, 27 km southward to the Valdivian Coastal Reserve (60,000 ha. Valdivian forest surface of type coastal temperate rain). 

San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile   NAVIGATION PATH THE GALLEONS
A navigation with history, nature and see españos an old fort, which was the biggest strength that had Spain in Chile 

San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile   SAN PEDRO RIVER RAFTING
We have prepared a program of Rafting and Floating, suitable for family or for people who wish to join this activity much adrenaline NEWS We selected two rivers for rafting and Floating enjoy without taking unnecessary risks. This activity may be performed by people from age 6 until age when even feel an adventurer. 

San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile   TRANSFER VALDIVIA AIRPORT - HOTEL IN VALDIVIA
Transport Service to and from the airport of Valdivia, Transfer by van or car 

San Pedro de Alcantara of Mancera Castle, Corral en Valdivia, Chile   TREKKING SENDERO DEL MELI CENTENARIOS
F/D VALDIVIA, trekking Sendero del Meli centenarios, asado casero comunidad Pilolcura ,Trekking Olivillo Costero y visita a Loberias